In Kubernetes, we can specify the resources a pod’s containers can utilise, The resources usually specified are CPU and RAM.
There are two specifications to be familiarised with.
- Resource request
- Resource limit
Resource request is a specification that decides the minimum number of resources a container should should have, while resource limit is a specification that decides the maximum number of resources a container should have.
How do we specify resources for a container?
my-container will utilise at least 1GB of RAM and 1 CPU, and limited to 2 CPU and around 2GB of RAM.
apiVersion: v1 kind: Pod metadata: name: my-pod spec: containers: - name: my-container image: my-image resources: requests: memory: '1G' cpu: 1 limits: memory: '2G' cpu: 2
In the world of Kubernetes, setting
cpu to 1 is equivalent to 1 vCPU / Core for cloud providers and 1 hyper-thread on bare-metal Intel processors.
What happens if a container is using more CPU than the limit specified?
The container’s CPU will be throttled so that it doesn’t go beyond the limit.
What happens if a container is using more RAM than the limit specified?
The container can be terminated, though it will be restarted if allowed.